Will you be surprised if we say that India has the world’s lengthiest constitution? The constitution of India is written with 146,385 words in the English version. The constitution of India decides the supreme law of India. The document involves a complicated framework that discusses the fundamental political codes, their structure, procedures, and the respective duties of any government body. The constitution goes on including all the fundamental rights, duties of citizens, and other directive principles.

constitution of india

Indian constitution contained about 395 Articles in 22 parts and eight schedules initially that came in effect on 26th Jan 1950.

Total parts and amendment in Indian Constitutions 

After 1950, the constitution has been going through lots of evolution. Several additions and amendments are already made. Though we have previously mentioned that the constitution included 395 articles in 22 parts, now the number of articles has been increased to 448. For the extra 53 articles, there have been added extra three parts. The total number of parts in the Indian constitution has been increased to 25.

You may be surprised to learn that there are a total of 104 amendments that took place on 25th Jan 2020 for the purpose of extending the reservation of seats for STs and SCs in the state assemblies and Lok Sabha.

However, the one hundred and Twenty-fourth Amendment bill was introduced in Lok Sabha by Mr. Thaawar Chand Gehlot, Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, on 8th Jan 2019. This bill was introduced to improve the “financially weaker section.”

What are the parts of the Indian constitution? 

Though initially, it has only 22 parts but later extra three parts were added to make it 25. Let’s have a look at all the parts at a glance.

Part I

Subject: The Union and its territory

Articles: 1 to 4

Part II

Subject: Citizenship

Articles: 5 to 11

Part III

Subject: Fundamental Rights

Articles:12 to 35

Part IV

In this part, subjects and articles numbers are as followed:

Part V

In this part, subjects and articles numbers are as followed:

Part VI

In this part, subjects and articles numbers are as followed:

Part VII

Subject: Repealed by Const. (7th Amendment) Act, 1956

Part VIII

Subject: The Union Territories

Articles: 239 to 242

Part IX

Subject: The Panchayats

Articles: 243 to 243-O

It has Ix-A and Ix-B that respectively includes The Municipalities ( 243-P to 243-ZG ) and The Co-operative Societies ( 243-ZH to 243-ZT )

Part X

Subject: The Scheduled and Tribal Areas

Articles: 244 to 244-A

Part XI

In this part, subjects and articles numbers are as followed:

Part XII

In this part, subjects and articles numbers are as followed:

Part XIII

Subject: Trade, Commerce

Articles: 301 to 307

Part XIV

Subject: Services under the Union and the States

Articles:308 to 323

Part XV

Subject: Elections

Articles: 324 to 329-A

Part XVI

Subject: Provisions relating to Classes

Articles:330 to 342

Part XVII

Article no from 343 to 351

Part XVIII

Subject: Emergency Provisions

Articles: 352 to 360

Part XIX

Subject: Miscellaneous

Articles: 361 to 367

Part XX

Subject: Amendment of the Constitution

Articles: 368

Part XXI

Subject: Temporary and Special Provisions

Articles: 369 to 392

Part XXII

Subject: Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi

Articles: 393 to 395

Apart from the above mentioned, the other three parts are 9A Municipalities, 9B Co-operative societies, and 14A tribunals.

Conclusion

Till now, we have discussed the parts of the Indian Constitution. However, it has 12 schedules initially. India is run by these parts and articles. Ignoring the constitution may be dangerous with the worst consequences. I hope this article helps you. If you want to learn more, you may leave your query in the comment section.

 

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