Science is a very vast study. Also, it has so many subjects and bifurcation that study, in fact, never ends. Every day a new invention happens, or a new discovery comes forward. Such is the fascinating study of science.
One such subject in the eternal study of science is Ecology. Ecology is a very basic term, is the study of the environment that we live in. It includes everything from the ecosystem to the population to human science.
Today we are going to dive into what ecology is and the different types of Ecology. So let us get started.
What is Ecology?
Ecology is the study of the environment that all organisms live and prosper. It includes studying the environment and how the components of the environment behave. How they interact with each other. Let’s have a look at the two main components of the Ecological study. These are as follows:
- Biotic Factors
- Abiotic Factors
Biotic factors are living organisms. These organisms breathe, reproduce and then die. The biotic factors include plants, animals, humans, and more.
Abiotic factors are, in very simple terms, non-living things. These non-living things are both chemical and physical in nature. It includes things like sunlight, air, water, weather, and atmosphere, etc.
Types of Ecology
There are almost seven ecologies that ecologists study about. The explanation of those ecologies is as follow:
The study of the global ecology includes the study of major ecosystems. It studies the interaction between the ecosystem like the land, oceans, weather, etc.
Here, it is often studied that how these factors affect each other. And what changes these things bring while interacting with each other.
The study of landscape ecology is to learn and understand how human actions impact. The study is the impact on the landscape structures and their functions.
Ecosystem ecology is the study of the complete ecosystem. This study often studied how living and non-living things interact. And how things get altered. It can also, in fact, said that this is the study of the biotic and abiotic factors with their environment.
The population ecology is the study of how living things interact. Here how the structure of the community gets modified by the interaction of living things.
In simple terms, how the community structure gets affected is in the general study.
The population is the number of individuals of a species. It brings interest to the ecologist as ow certain organisms’ populations fluctuate. Some organisms population has a steady growth. At the same time, some of the organisms get extinct.
Population ecology of the factors that lead to the increase in the population of a species. The study is helpful to understand why certain species are becoming extinct. And what measures can get a place so that the species do not go extinct?
Molecular ecology is the study of how simple molecules create an effect. The effect of that abiotic and biotic factor in depth gets studied.
It looks at how the production of protein happens. And how these proteins will affect biotic things. And how these give rise to certain other complex organisms.
This field of ecology focuses on studying the individual organism’s behavior etc.
Ecologists study the behavior of organisms in response to environmental changes. Studies are also done on how an individual organism interacts with the ecosystem. Ecologists study how the interaction happens between an individual organism and its surrounding.
Now that we have the info about the types of ecology. Let us have a look at what is the importance of Ecology.
The Importance of Ecology
The study of ecology has great importance. Besides increasing knowledge, it can help to have a better ecosystem. The importance of Ecology is as follows:
The environment will get conserved
The study of ecology brings forward a lot of revelations. These revelations are about how we and our actions are affecting the environment. This can help to bring changes in our actions to save the environment.
Conservation of Energy
Suppose we have the information about what organism needs what kind of energy. Energy can get used in a proper way without wasting it. And hence we can conserve energy so that it does not get depleted.
Proper Allocation of Resources
With Ecology, we can understand the requirements of resources for each organism species. And thus, adequate resources can get allocated to all species. This is very important so that no species can go extinct due to a lack of resources.
And it also brings harmony to the ecosystem, thus causing eco-friendliness.
So that was all about what ecology is and why it is important. We must take positive lessons from the ecological discoveries. And make this ecosystem a place of harmony.
Thanks for reading!