India is a vast country, and so is its geography. It stands at the 7th position when we consider the largest countries of the world. The ocean surrounds the country in the south, and the great Himalayas protects the north. The climate in this country changes with the location-the far south experiences an equatorial climate, and the far north experiences Tundra. The country is divided into 29 states and 8 union territories. Every region has a different culture, and various cultures speak their respective languages.Geography of India 

Geographical Regions 

The country is divided into 7 geographical regions. Here is a list of them.

  1. The Northern Mountains – These include the Himalayan Range as well as the Northeastern mountain range.
  2. Thar Desert 
  3. Deccan Plateau and the Central Highlands
  4. Indo- Gangetic Plains 
  5. East Coast
  6. West Coast
  7. The seas and islands at the border. 

When we learn about the geography of India in detail, we can go on reading books about it. This article isn’t as long as a book. It contains some of the highlight features of the geographical regions of India. 

Key Points:

India is a beautiful country, and there are so many things that one can dive into the knowledge of facts relating to the geography of India. It has a large population and diversified cultures. The country has various climates, and the climate changes are affected mainly by the Himalayan range and the Thar Desert. There is no general climate and as you change your location, the weather changes too. This country is even prone to so many natural disasters. Here is a list of the key points that you must know about this country.

  1. Winter Season ( experienced in December – February)
  2.  Summer Season (experienced in March-June)
  3. South-West Monsoon Season (experienced in June-September)
  4. Post-Monsoon Season (experienced in October-November).


In this article, I have covered some major facts about the vast diversity of the geographical features of India. India is a country with beautiful forests and astonishing wildlife. The vastness of the area is the reason why the geography of India is so diverse. And that is the reason why there is so much to learn about the people and their cultures, the wide agricultural lands, the snow-capped mountains, and scorching deserts. I hope this article provided you with some knowledge and facts about the country and gave an introduction to the geography of India. 

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