Agricultural activities employ two-thirds of India’s population. It’s a primary activity that provides food grains and industrial raw materials. Because India is such a large nation, it has a diverse range of food and non-food crops that are grown throughout the three primary agricultural seasons of zaid, kharif, and rabi.

food

The following are some of the most common crops:

Seasons of Cropping

S.No. Seasons of Cropping Duration Crops States
Zaid March-July are the months for sowing and harvesting (between Rabi and Kharif) Fruits, vegetables, and fodder crops are all available in season. The majority of the states in the north and northwest
Kharif June-July are the months when the seeds are sown.

Harvested between September and October

Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, and soybean are some of the crops grown in India. Assam, West Bengal, Odisha’s coastal districts, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharashtra are all coastal states.
Rabi October-December are the months when the seeds are sown.

April-June are the months when the crops are harvested.

Wheat, barley, peas, gramme, mustard, and other grains Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh are the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh.

 

The Most Important Food Crops

Rice

Wheat

Millets

  1. Jowar is a rain-fed crop that is cultivated in wet locations with little or no irrigation.
  2. Sandy soils and shallow black soils characterise Bajra.
  3. Ragi grows on soils that are red, black, sandy, loamy, and shallow black.

Maize

Pulses

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